uncertainty and anxiety about being accepted by the group. This anxiety makes the members be more polite and reluctant to voice personal opinions. cd maturity Individuals try to figure out their own responsibilities, group goals and rules, roles and personalities of other members of the team.

team development stages

Team effectiveness is enhanced by a team’s commitment to reflection and on-going evaluation. In addition to evaluating accomplishments in terms of meeting specific goals, for teams to be high-performing it is essential for them to understand their development as a team. In the performing stage, consensus and cooperation team development stages have been well-established and the team is mature, organized, and well-functioning. There is a clear and stable structure, and members are committed to the team’s mission. Problems and conflicts still emerge, but they are dealt with constructively. The team is focused on problem solving and meeting team goals.

Tuckman’s 5 Stages Of Team Development

In many ways, the storming stage tests the resolve of the team and the team leader to become a high-performance team. Teams that are able to effectively manage conflict, move through storming to good norming and eventually on to performing.

This stage is not avoidable; every team – most especially a new team who has never worked together before – goes through this part of developing as a team. In this stage, the team members compete with each other for status and acceptance of their ideas. They have different opinions on what should be done and how it should be done – which causes conflict within the team. For team members who do not like conflict, this is a difficult stage to go through. During this initial stage of team growth, it is important for the team leader to be very clear about team goals and provide clear direction regarding the project.

More In Teamwork

Big fan of playing tennis, snowboarding, traveling, reading books, and I live and breathe our product. And that’s all on Bruce Tuckman’s Stages of Group Development. We, at Everhour, wish you luck in creating your winning team. Monitor their working time on their own, using Everhour integrated tools. Track working time for each member of the group, monitoring the amount of the work done, clock-in, clock-out and breaks. Team members feel safe and are entirely loyal to the group, the team’s morale is super-high and participants are strongly motivated. Play team-building games to develop stronger and more trustful relationships in the team.

  • Rather than compete against each other, they are now helping each other to work toward a common goal.
  • To get through this stage, members must work to overcome obstacles, to accept individual differences, and to work through conflicting ideas on team tasks and goals.
  • At this stage, group members are learning what to do, how the group is going to operate, what is expected, and what is acceptable.
  • The last stage in the model is called adjourning, which has to do with closing things off and departing on a positive note.
  • At this stage, the team is characterized by high enthusiasm and low productivity.
  • Researchers, experts, and practitioners are continually showcasing new practices based on psychological data to help companies build the right teams to succeed.

The first stage of team development is forming, which is a lot like orientation day at college or a new job. Keep reminding the team to check in with each other regularly in person or via instant chat, but stay out of their way. They will waste time and lose their focus if they have to answer frequent, unscheduled questions about what they’re working on. Encourage team members to develop a schedule filled with large blocks of time that are free from interruptions like meetings or check-ins. In this world of constant notifications, it’s easy for people to get derailed and forget which goals are really important. This is especially important for creative and development teams. In the Performing stage, the team makes significant progress towards its goals.

Storm To Perform: The 4 Stages Of Team Productivity

Team members often fail to challenge each other, or issues that may prevent the team from performing to their optimal ability. Some team members can feel threatened by the large amount of responsibility they are given – causing them resist and revert back to storming stage. To prevent this from happening team members must be aware of the common team development stages pitfalls that may occur during this stage and take appropriate steps to ensure they don’t. For teams to move from the storming stage the norming stage they typically do the following tasks. The forming phase of team building can be a bit stressful for the team members, but is very important in laying a strong foundation for future teamwork.

Teams in the forming stage must be careful to avoid cliques, or subgroups from forming within the team. Subgroups may or may not have a negative impact on the team’s performance. It is best for the team leader-manager to carefully observe the subgroups behavior to ensure it is acting in the best interests of the team.

Example Of Moving Through The Five Stages Of Group Development

They accept others as they are and make an effort to move on. The danger here is that members may be so focused on preventing conflict that they are reluctant to share controversial ideas. She is Partner/VP Strategic Solutions at Peak Performance Group, Inc. in Gloucester, Massachusetts. She has been honored by PMI® as one of the Power 50 and has served as Chair of PMI®s Global Corporate Council Leadership Team. She has presented at various conferences on topics ranging from general management and leadership topics to project management software.

What is the first stage of group development?

The first stage of group development is the forming stage. This stage presents a time where the group is just starting to come together and is described with anxiety and uncertainty. Members are discreet with their behavior, which is driven by their desire to be accepted by all members of the group.

On a remote team, you need to be more thoughtful about the tools and the processes that you use to identify and deal with disagreements. Choose a project management software that lets you plan the entire project and assign deadlines and responsibilities so everyone can see what tasks need to be accomplished. Finally, share the project roadmap so the team can see the starting point, the proposed check-in points, and the end goal. This gives them insight into the bigger goal but also breaks down the timeline into smaller increments. Project scheduling is a critical and crucial part of project management and planning.

Use Tuckman’s Model Of Team Dynamics

Uncover the benefits of rest on productivity levels, and ways to make it actually restorative. It can be hard to let go, but great teammates never assume that someone else will handle a problem or catch a mistake. The scientific term is “social loafing,” and it’s a possibility for even high-performing teams when people get siloed into their specific responsibilities.

team development stages

The team leader takes the role of the curator, stepping aside and giving more freedom of action to the team. At this stage, the team negotiate and make decisions among themselves. Small tasks are also assigned to individuals within the team. The Norming stage determines a state of peace ✊after conflict resolution.

There is support for experimentation in solving problems and an emphasis on achievement. The overall goal is productivity through problem solving and work. Incorporate team building exercises to strengthen the unity and trust within the team. Discover Trello’s flexible features and integrations designed to help your team’s productivity skyrocket to new heights.


Here, the team works through individual and social issues. Handled well it builds skill and confidence as the team enters the Norming Stage. Managers also experience frustration and are tempted to intervene.

Any arguments, disagreements, disputes, and the like will be channeled toward making the team stronger. Finally, performing teams utilize their established communication protocols and action plans. If this phase is not carefully managed it can get out of control and be destructive to the effectiveness of the team. It is especially important for team members to manage this phase with patience and tolerance.

Psychologist Bruce Tuckman’s theory on group dynamics highlights five stages of group and team development. The storming stage of team development team development stages is a time for team members’ ideas are considered and in competition. Individuals will try new ideas and push for power and position in the team.

team development stages

Trade-off Sliders – In this exercise, you’ll agree on what you should optimize for and where you can be flexible, so you can make those small, every-day decisions about your work autonomously. When you start to sense that the left hand knows what the right hand is doing, you’ve made it into the “norming” stage. The challenge now is to move a bit faster while keeping the quality of your work high.

Even if your team isn’t brand new, adding or removing team members can cause your team to move through different stages of the team development process. The above recommendations will help teams to overcome possible difficulties at each of the four stages of team development easier and without harming the project as a whole. Team management experts highlight the sequential stages that a group must go through before it becomes a capable team.

Conversely, those teams that don’t effectively manage conflict, can get stuck in the bad norming stage. Team development stalls, which leads to dysfunction and decay. One of the greatest challenges for team leaders or the team members themselves is progressing through the stages of team development. There are many different models and theories on team development and the stages of team formation. For the time being, most of this part of the chapter will focus on Bruce Tuckman’s model of Forming, Storming, Norming, and Performing established in the 1960’s and 70’s. The five stages of team development can be tailored to fit a leader’s needs based on the team, project and goals.

Strengths and weaknesses are realised and utilised accordingly. The role of the coaching manager in this stage is to ensure that this calm continues and that any behaviours that arise that may threaten the calm are channelled in the right direction. Also the manager has an important role in conveying information particularly in relation to the successes that are starting to occur within the team. Psychologist, B.W Tuckman in the 1970s, developed this model and Tuckman suggests that there are four team development stages that teams have to go through in order to be productive. One of the greatest challenges a manager has is in moving his or her team though the various team development stages. If a manager has no, or little experience of teams and team dynamics then taking over a team and then leading that team can be a very stressful experience. Every manager should know what the various growth stages are of a developing team and they should know how best to move the team through these stages with the minimum of fuss and stress.